Santos Ltd., standing for South Australia Northern Territory Oil Search, is an independent oil and gas producer. Particularly involved in the extraction of domestic gas in Australia, Santos Ltd also distributes gas across the country. It is also engaged in oil and gas exploration and production ventures in Australia, in the Timor Gap, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, India, Bangladesh, Egypt, Vietnam, and Kyrgyzstan, as well as the export of liquid natural gas to Japan.
The market capitalization of a company, more simply referred to as "market cap", is the total market value of a publicly traded company's outstanding shares. It is often considered as a key indicator of what a company is worth.